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Eye strain: how it is measured and treatment

The human body is complex and its systems are interdependent. It is delicate and effective machinery that works based on numerous interconnections. One of the most important is related to the vascular system, the small vessels that supply the organs with blood, which in turn maintain the process of consuming and generating energy. This particular system operates under the premise of the physics of liquids. To move, it requires hydraulic pressure and this can show variations in what is known as tension. The ocular system depends to a significant degree on this concept, but in relation to other liquids, such as the aqueous humor and the vitreous. When the implicit processes are unbalanced, it is possible that a picture of high ocular tension is generated that requires specific treatment.

First of all, what is eye strain?

As we indicated before, liquids require a force that drives them or keeps them in a certain condition. In the case of the components of the vision system, mainly in the eyes, some elements are found in this physical state. They relate their work to maintaining the shape of the eyeball, which in turn refers to the function of adequate light refraction to complement vision. So, the ocular tension would be the pressure required for the correct shape and position of the eye in the process that corresponds to it.

How to lower eye pressure?

The process through which eye pressure can rise is diverse and is due to many elements that come together. From physical problems such as the presence of cardiovascular diseases, or diabetes. Also, conditions related to inadequate eating habits, smoking, alcoholism, and drug addiction. Other external factors are added such as stress, health conditions, and exposure to adverse natural elements. Well, the reasons can be many.

In this case, lowering the eye pressure will depend on the cause that generates the particular pathological picture. However, there are some basic measures to take into consideration, among which we can name:

Obviously the first will be to go to an ophthalmologist as well as a doctor who specialized in vascular problems. The early determination of the causes of the problem will have a direct impact on the solution that we give to it.

Control stress, especially when it has been detected that the problem is of external nature. Relaxation techniques, rest, and withdrawing from the space that causes emotional imbalance, are just some of the things we can do.

Medication, both orally and with eye drops that lower intraocular pressure. Of course, this step should only be carried out under strict medical supervision, and following the instructions given to us to the letter. Understanding the complexity of the vascular system and the underlying fluid physics is essential. Any inappropriate variation can cause irreversible damage and only a specialist can assess each situation in its proper and fair dimension.

Balanced diets, with adequate proportions of salt and fat, also help. It is not about losing weight, but about avoiding certain foods and conditions that increase the risks for the vascular system. For example, salt increases pressure and this directly affects the pressure in the eye.

Reduce exposure to bright lights and technology elements with very bright screens. The idea behind this is that the rearrangement of our vision system generates unnecessary stress on its structures that affects the liquids in it and therefore increases the pressure.

What are the symptoms of eye pressure?

Eye pressure can manifest itself in a way that we notice it, although sometimes it goes unnoticed. However, conditions such as intense headaches focused on the eye area, as well as redness of the eyes, is an alarm signal. Likewise, blurred vision, or even gradual loss of vision, should call our attention. A complementary aspect is the feeling of nausea and even vomiting, which can accompany the above symptoms.

What is normal eye pressure?

Normally, eye pressure is below 21 mmHG. The range would actually be between 10 mmHG and 20 mmHG. Any increase is a condition that must be considered a latent danger for the person.

How is eye pressure measured?

Specialized equipment called a tonometer is used. It simply takes into consideration the shape of the eye and its tone to recognize the structure and thus identify the internal pressure. There is a fluctuation factor that the doctor must assess to find a mean

What drops are good for eye pressure?

The alternatives for external treatment are many, based on prostaglandins. This type of medication improves fluid drainage, which lowers pressure. There are several specific formulations such as latanoprost (Xalatan), travoprost (Travatan Z), tafluprost (Zioptan), bimatoprost (Lumigan), and latanoprosten bunod (Vyzulta). Its administration, however, is delicate, it should only be carried out under a prior assessment of each case and based on comprehensive treatment. Of course, the presence and advice of an ophthalmologist should be the norm and not the exception.

What happens when eye pressure is low?

It is an ailment associated with a particular form of glaucoma, called low-pressure glaucoma. Generally, low eye pressure ends up damaging the optic nerve, due to the demand on the eye and its proper functioning.

How to lower high blood pressure fast?

There are emergency situations that require drastic measures to ensure that the problem does not progress and is impossible to handle. In cases where eye pressure increases rapidly, some actions can be taken to reduce it:

Reduce any sources of eye stress, such as string lights, bright screens, and the like.

Reduce any external factors that cause confusion such as loud noises. The idea is that we must detect if it is eye strain or another associated phenomenon.

Have on hand a medicine specialized in draining fluid from the aqueous humor. If we have presented this situation before, we must develop a protocol to have the medication on hand and place it quickly.

Eye strain is a more common problem than you think. It is a direct cause of the appearance of glaucoma and its control is relatively simple, but we must go to the doctor when we suspect its existence.